According to CDC (Center of Disease Control and Prevention) over 22.7% (54 million) of americans aged 18 years or older have doctor-diagnosed arthritis.
Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints. Symptoms generally include joint pain and stiffness. Other symptoms may include redness, warmth, swelling, and decreased range of motion of the affected joints. In some types other organs are also affected. Onset can be gradual or sudden.
There are over 100 types of arthritis. The most common forms are:
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It’s often related to aging or to an injury. Osteoarthritis usually occurs with age and affects the fingers, knees, and hips.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that often affects the hands and feet.
Autoimmune arthritis happens when your body’s immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of arthritis.
Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens in children.
Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint.
Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis.
Gout is a painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe.
Treatment may include resting the joint and alternating between applying ice and heat. Weight loss and exercise may also be useful. Pain medications such as ibuprofen and paracetamol (acetaminophen) may be used. In some a joint replacement may be useful.